The Pediatrics Center: What You Need to Know About Pediatric Pneumonia
Pneumonia refers to the infection of the lungs which is very dangerous for children, but prompt medical intervention can help the morbidity and mortality rate associated with the disease. The types of viruses causing pneumonia are influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, adenovirus, and parainfluenza. It can also be caused by bacterial infections. The virus or bacteria can be spread from one person to another through direct contact with the mucus or saliva of the infected person and via coughing. As contrary to the popular belief that pneumonia can be caused by improper clothing or air temperature, it is more common during fall, winter, and early spring when children spend more time indoors in close contact with other people.
The signs and symptoms of pneumonia include fever, coughing, sweating, chills, fast and labored breathing, wheezing, widening of the nostrils, and bluish tint of the lips or nails. Chest x-ray is needed to determine the extent of lung infection. Avoid giving your child over-the-counter cough suppressants like dextromethorpan because coughing is needed to clear the excessive secretions produced by the lungs, and viral infection does not need any specific treatment other than fever control and rest. In order to prevent recurrence and complete eradication of infection, it is important to follow the exactly prescribed antibiotics with the right dosage, time, and frequency, and never discontinue the medication even if your child feels better. As soon as you suspect pneumonia, you have to consult a trusted and experienced pediatrician such as one in Summit Pediatrics NJ at The Pediatric Center.
If your child shows fever lasting for more than a few days despite antibiotics intake, breathing difficulties, or evidence of other body part infection (swollen joints, neck stiffness, bone pain, and vomiting), you have to check back with the pediatrician immediately. As the popular saying goes, “An ounce of prevention is better an ounce of cure.”, so have your child vaccinated against pneumococcal infections. Pneumococcal conjugate or PCV 13 is usually administered at four, six, and twelve to fifteen months. From 24 to 29 months of age, children who are at a high risk of developing an invasive pneumococcal infection such as those children with sickle cell anemia, heart disease, lung disease, kidney failure, organ transplant, or HIV, must be vaccinated with pneumococcal polysaccharide or PPV23.
Learn more about pediatric health by checking the website of the Pediatric Center, and get to know the best pediatricians in New Jersey today. Contact us now for more details! Let us all work together to keep our children safe and healthy, so if you suspect pediatric pneumonia, better consult a pediatrician promptly before it is too late. The Pediatric Center is willing to help you out.
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